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Two PLASA Standards Published: A Revision and a Reaffirmation

ANSI E1.19 – 2015, Recommended Practice for the Use of Class A Ground-Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs) Intended for Personnel Protection in the Entertainment Industry, ANSI  E1.23 - 2010 (R2015), Entertainment Technology – Design and Execution of Theatrical Fog Effects, were approved by the ANSI Board of Standards Review on February 10th and 13th respectively. They are now published and are available for free at The free download is made possible by the sponsorship of Prosight Specialty Insurance. They also may be purchased from ANSI's eStandards Store ( for $15.00 each.

ANSI E1.19 is intended to offer guidance in accordance with existing applicable standards on how to select, install, use and maintain ground fault protection devices in the entertainment industry to protect persons from shock and persons and property from fire. This is a revision of the 2009 version that incorporates new information about avoiding nuisance tripping and offers new recommendations for ground fault protection on higher ampacity circuits.

ANSI E1.23 offers guidance on planning and carrying out fog effects so that recognized exposure levels are not exceeded, fire and egress hazards are not created, false alarms don't summon the fire brigade, and fog effects are executed as they are designed, performance after performance. This is a reaffirmation of the 2010 version. There are no substantive changes.

26th February 2015

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